A city of many contradictions and complexities, Delhi is the capital of India known as the land of snake charmers and magicians. The mystery of this incredible land is reflected by Delhi where past coexists with its present. Many dynasties have been known to rule this city which can easily be witnessed through the number of historical monuments found here. Rich in its architectural as well as cultural aspect, Delhi narrates the history of India. It is believed to destroyed and rebuilt seven times in the past. It has been a witness to a series of important events in India’s chapter which has changed not only the city but the entire nation. Due to its historical importance, Delhi is also a popular tourist destination and dotted with marvelous monuments which attracts many world travelers. The city is home to three UNESCO world heritage sites that you must visit during your Delhi tour.
The highest tower in India and the highest brick tower in the world, the foundation of Qutub Minar was laid by Qutub-ud-din Aibak. It served the nearby mosque and was used by muezzin to call people for prayers. The three storeys of the tower was built by his successor and son-in-law Shams-ud-din Iltutmish. All the storeys are surrounded by balcony and decorated by the honey-comb design. Quranic inscriptions can be seen in the structure and the mosque of Quwatul Isla is located next to the minaret. The mosque was also constructed by Qutub-ud-din Aibak by using the materials of the 20 temples. The Complex is built upon Lal Kot, the first city of Delhi ruled first by Tomar Rajputs and later Prithviraj Chauhan who was then defeated by Ghauri in the 2nd Battle of Panipat. Iron Pillar, Ala’i-Darwaza and Ala’i Minar are the main tourist attractions of the Qutub Minar complex.
The first substantial Mughal architecture in India, it was built by the wife of Mughal emperor Humayun, Bega Begam after his death. One of its kind at that time, this garden tomb is believed to have inspired the architecture of Taj Mahal. Humayun’s tomb was the first structure built in the era of Akbar. Located on the banks of River Yamuna, the tomb is at a close proximity of Nizamuddin dargah. The tomb is surrounded by a garden with pools joined by channels. There are two gates, one in the south and another in west. The mausoleum is situated on the terraced platform with small arched cells in the sides. Humayun tomb, a UNESCO world heritage site, is the very first in the long series of dynastic tombs in India.